9 most loving information about Agra:
Agra, a city located in Northern India’s Uttar Pradesh state is on the banks of river Yamuna. Is the most populous city of Uttar Pradesh and it is also the 24th most populous state in India. Agra has been successful in attracting millions of tourists from all over the world even today. Agra is mostly popular for its iconic Taj Mahal built by the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
The monument features a huge dome and intricately carved white marble laid with beautiful and precious stones. The major religions in the Agra city are Islam, Hinduism and Jainism and the Catholic forming a minority. Hindi is the language spoken by the residents of Agra.
Taj Mahal with its magical allure draws tourists to Agra like moths to a wondrous flame. Apart from the Taj Mahal the reign of the Mughals havealso left magnificent fort, fascinating tombs and mausoleums in the city. Also, you can have fun in the hustle bustle of market places with hordes of rickshaw wallahs, touts, unofficial guides and souvenir vendors. The city of Agra also has three UNESCO World Heritage sites that is, the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri.
As we all know that Agra is the most favorite destination spots of millions of tourists from all over the world all year round. Agra is also home to one of the seven wonders of the world. Agra is also known to be a sneak peek in to the architectural history with its other remarkable buildings like Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri. Not only do the Indians shower their love on this city but for years foreigners from all times have throng in here in large numbers. The city boasts of its various beautiful tourist spots.
1. Taj Mahal:
The very thing anyone who steps in to the land of the Agra city wants to do is to visit the Taj Mahal. Every year one can find many tourists queued up to get a lifetime glimpse of the most beautiful building in the world. Built by Shah Jahan for the love he had for his wife, the Taj Mahal stands as the symbol of love all over the world.
In all 20,000 people were hired from India and Central Asia to work on the iconic building. Professionals were hired from as far as Europe to produce the exquisite marble screens and pietra dura which is the marble inlay work made with thousands of semi-precious stones. No matter how many times you may have visited the Taj Mahal, but it will still attract and mesmerize you with its beauty. Another major fact of the Taj mahal is that it looks the same from its all four sides.
2. Agra Fort:
Another architectural jewel in the Agra city is undoubtedly the Agra Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Agra Fort was built by Mughal Emperor Akbar with the help of 4,000 workers who worked for eight years to complete the construction in the year 1573.
Agra Fort is a beautiful fort which is made of red sandstone and it marked and was the seat of the Mughal Empire. Some of the major attractions in the Agra Fort that will leave you speechless be it the Sheesh Mahal, Moti Mahal, Jehangir’s Palace and Khas Mahal. The Agra Fort has got four large gatesout of which the Delhi Gate was the one which was used for the king’s formal entry. Diwan-e-Khas and Diwan-e-Aam were reserved for royal audience and the public respectively.
3. Fatehpur Sikri:
The Fatehpur Sikri is known to be one of Emperor Akbar’s pet projects which was building a walled city a little away from Agra. The surviving monuments of the Fatehpur Sikri tell a tale of his velour and great work. Fateh in Persian signifies victory. The city survived, and it is still surprising to see that its three walled sides are still intact.
Akbar had paid keen interest in its architecture and layout and it took about 15 years for him to plan and get it build completely. It had palaces, harems, buildings, courts and a mosque. But one of the best architectural wonders of Fatehpur Sikri is the Buland Darwaza, made of red sandstone with 52 steps that lead up to its 175 ft high archway and had two inscriptions was the grand gateway to the walled city. Akbar’s favorite minister Birbal too has a monument in Fatehpur Sikri called Birbal’s house.
4. Sardar Bazaar – Market:
One of the oldest and the best place to go shopping is the Sardar Bazaar which is known to be a famous shopping spots of Agra situated near the Agra cantonment railway station. Here you can buy everything here from handicrafts, sweets, garments to leather bags.
As we are all aware that Agra is very famous for its leather products, so the tourists here cannot forget to buy them from here. Also, do not forget to visit a store named Taj Leather World which is located in the market which has reasonable and good quality products and If you are looking to buy ethnic clothing, footwear and accessories, then you need to head out to the Sardar Bazaar!
5. Subhash Bazaar – Market:
Another most important place in Agra is the Subhash Bazaar which is located Inthe Halwai Gali, close to the Jama Masjid nearby the Agra Fort. This is yet another popular market in Agra which is very famous for its silk products and silk saris. Remember to visit this place on the weekends as it is more beneficial than visiting it in the weekdays.
You will also see a lot of gift items along with beautiful lights and surrounding music which is being played in the shops. It is also the perfect getaway to experience the true culture and vibrant traditions of the place. Anyone who visits Agra and moves away without visiting the Subhash Bazaar is like their trip is incomplete.
6. Kinari Bazaar – Market:
One will be amazed to see the narrow streets behind Jama Masjid which have got a crazy maze of overcrowded lanes which burst out with colorful markets. Here you will see a number of different bazaars, each one of which specializes in different wares, and the area is generally known as the Kinari Bazaar as here you can see many of the lanes fan out from Kinari Bazaar Road.
Here you get to find clothing, shoes, fabrics, jewelry, spices, marble work, snack stalls and also a crowd of people which would look not less than 20 million other people. Apart from this, be amazed by seeing buffaloes and also few old elephants who try to squeeze out their way from amongst the crowd.
7. Weather Conditions:
As Agra is located on Gangetic plains, the climate there is semi-arid. There is a great variation in the weather and climate in the city of Agra. You can find hot summers, heavy monsoons and cold winters in Agra. The summer season starts from the month of April and lasts till June. The climate during this period is humid and extreme with dry winds prevailing.
The maximum temperatures rise up to 45 degree Celsius. July marks the beginning of Monsoons and last till October. After the hot summers, the city of Agra is relieved to welcome the rainy season. Winters start from November and last till the month of March. The weather in the city is foggy and cold and the winter morning is about 14 degree Celsius. But during the nights, the temperature in Agra goes below the freezing points.
8. The Best Time to Visit Agra:
Agra is a beautiful place and there should not be any special time we need to visit it. But for the travelers who are very cautious about the time of visit, they can visit Agra in the months of October to March.
This is the best time to visit Agra which is usually between autumn and winter because this is the time the heat has ebbed and the weather in the city is pleasant and just perfect for sightseeing. August to October marks the beginning of monsoon in Agra which is again a great time to witness the Taj Mahal in its beautiful rain wash splendor.
January is the month which can be the foggiest. So, if you are planning for a same day Agra tour, be it the train or by road, journeys can take you one hour more than usual depending on prevailing foggy conditions.
Once you reach Agra, first go for a visit to Agra Fort and other attractions and visit Taj Mahal after Noon. As the fog normally clears after 11 am and that is when you will be able to enjoy the beauty of Taj. The other months of the year, it is best to visit Taj Mahal early morning to avoid crowd and see the real beauty during this time.
9. How to reach:
By air: Travelling to Agra by air is one of the easiest ways. Agra’s Kheria Airport serves the city’s flights though not a busy airport. Agra’s Kheria airport is also known to be a military base. It is a seasonal commercial airport and it gets connected only by Air India flights from New Delhi. The flights from Delhi to Agra are just less than an hour long. Kheria airport is located about 13 kilometers away from the Agra city. It is good to hire a taxi from the airport to get to the city, which should take you around 10-15 minutes depending on traffic.
By train: Agra which is situated on the Delhi-Mumbai and Delhi-Chennai route is well connected to most cities across India. Here you will get regular trains to Agra from cities like Delhi, Jaipur, Gwalior and Jhansi. Agra also connects to cities in other parts of the country such as Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai.
There are namely five railway stations in Agra – Agra Cantt Station (the main station), Agra Fort Railway Station, Raja Ki Mandi, Agra City and Eidgah Railway Station. Visit to the Taj Mahal and Agra Fort are a short distance away from Agra cantt. railway station and therefore one can hire a pre-paid taxi, auto rickshaw or even a cycle rickshaw to get to these attractions.
By Road: National Highway 11 from Jaipur, National Highway 3 from Gwalior, and National Highway from Lucknow and Kanpur are the most common roadways in Agra. Agra is a city which can easily be reached by bus from major cities like Delhi, Jaipur, Lucknow, Gwalior.
Eidgah Bus Stand, Taj Depot, Ford depot and Inter State Bus Terminal (ISBT) through some of the major Bus Stands in Agra which also connect several other major cities of the country. Eidgah Bus Stand, Taj Depot, Fort depot and Inter State Bus Terminal (ISBT) are some of the major Bus Stands in Agra which help to connect several other major cities of the country.